Baden near Vienna PDF Print E-mail

Vineyard near Baden

Baden is a picturesque spa town, situated at the mouth of the romantic Helenental, part of the Wienerwald mountain range. It used to be the principal summer resort of the wealthy inhabitants of Vienna, just 26 km away. The warm baths, which gave name to the town, are thirteen in number and contain, as chief ingredient, sulphate of lime. Baden is surrounded by about 120 vineyards and has about 70 wine pubs (Heurigen).

The celebrity of Baden dates back to the days of the Romans, who knew it by the name of Thermae Pannonicae, and remains of their occupation still exist. The settlement received town privileges in 1480. Although sacked at various times by Hungarians and Turks, it soon flourished again. Several members of the Austrian imperial family had made Remains of Rauhenstein CastleBaden their summer residence and had luxurious villas here. After the town was ravaged by a blaze in 1812 it was extensively rebuilt in Biedermeier style according to plans by architect Joseph Kornhäusel. The opening of the casino in 1934 finally made the town the most important spa resort of Austria.

The town offers several parks and a picturesque surrounding, of which the most frequented is the Helenental valley. Not far from Baden, the valley is crossed by a widespread aqueduct of the Vienna waterworks. At its entrance lie the ruins of the two castles Rauheneck and Rauhenstein, both dating back to the 12th century.

Ciuty Theatre of BadenCulture has always been at home in Baden. In Baden's visitors books you can find famous composers like Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven. Waltz King Johann Strauß regularly gave concerts in Baden's spa park for the town's music lovers. Other cultural points of interest are the late gothic and baroque parish church St. Stephan, the town theatre (Stadttheater), built in 1909 by Ferdinand Fellner, the Arnulf-Rainer-Museum, located in a former bath (Frauenbad) from the 19th century, and the town hall.